Borrelia burgdorferi is transmitted through the black-legged or deer tick. "There are five subspecies of Borrelia burgdorferi, over 100 strains in the US, and 300 strains worldwide. This diversity is thought to contribute to Borrelia burgdorferi's various antibiotic resistances" (TBDA website).
When you KNOW you have a tick bite, treatment should be easy (you would think), but doctors vary in their treatment methods. Without a rash and having a fresh tick bite, I would follow the ILADS.org recommended protocol for prophylactic treatment, which is something like, no less than 3 weeks of antibiotics immediately without symptoms. If you wait for symptoms to surface, or once it becomes chronic, the treatment protocols will be longer. Please visit the ILADS treatment guidelines for details.
If you find a tick on your body, remove the tick and have the tick tested for Lyme and co-infections. In the meantime, assume the tick has Lyme and insist on round of antibiotics as recommended by an Lyme Literate Medical Doctor (LLMD). This will clear up any acute infection. If you have gone misdiagnosed, you will need to find a long term treatment plan for regaining your health.
Possible Symptoms of Lyme and Tick-Borne Diseases: TBDA alliance website
• Low grade fevers, "hot flashes" or chills
• Night sweats
• Sore throat
• Swollen glands
• Stiff neck
• Migrating arthralgias, stiffness and frank arthritis
• Chest pain and palpitations
• Abdominal pain, nausea
• Sleep disturbance
• Poor concentration and memory loss
• Irritability and mood swings
• Back pain
• Blurred vision and eye pain
• Jaw pain
• Testicular/pelvic pain
• Cranial nerve disturbance (facial numbness, pain, tingling, palsy or optic neuritis)
• Mysterious migrating symptoms that seem to come and go
• Cyclical symptom
I love the Tick Borne Disease Alliance (TBDAlliance.org) website. This mnemonic device is located on their website as well as other prevention tips.
Bathe or shower soon after coming indoors
Look for ticks and remove with tweezers
Apply repellents for skin and/or clothing
Spray the perimeter of your yard for ticks
Treat your pets